the Week. Nov. 25th, 2002.
The Kids Philosophy
Slam now features a philosopher of the week. Included with this
new offering is a brief biography and famous quotes of the featured
philosopher, ideas for classroom discussions, and links to related
philosopher sites! There will be a new philosopher of the week
each and every week through March!
Kant (1724 - 1804)
Immanuel Kant was born and raised
in Konigsberg, Prussia, now called Kaliningrad, Russia. He was
a man of structure and lived an uneventful life. He was so structured
that people in Konigsberg set their watches by when they saw Kant
walk by each day on his daily walk. He didn't marry, wasn't ever
ill, and never traveled, but was a great thinker.
Kant lived at a time when philosophy
was divided. One group of philosophers believed that knowledge
came from experience, called empiricism. The other group
said that human reason made sense of the world, called rationalism.
Kant tried to bring the two groups together. He decided to explore
how the mind works and what reality actually is. The result of
his thinking was called transcendental idealism, and was
a revolution of thinking.
Kant believed that no one can say
for certain what reality is. They can only be certain of what
reality appears to be to them, because the human mind molds reality
into a form that makes sense to it. Space and time are "irremovable
goggles" and aren't "things" to be found out in
the world. They are only part of the mind's organizing system.
Kant was a strict follower of Martin
Luther, founder of the Lutheran Church. Kant believed that it
was a moral necessity to believe in God, even though it was impossible
to prove God's existence. He said that a universal moral law governed
When Kant died at the age of 80,
these words were inscribed on his tomb: "Two things fill
my mind with increasing wonder and awe, the starry heaven above
me and the moral law within me."
How would Kant answer the question,
what is the meaning of life?
How does Kant define knowledge?
According to Kant, what determines
right and wrong?
How would Kant explain why many witnesses
to the same crime have different accounts of the crime? Or how
two people can describe the same situation and tell the story
To learn more about
Immanuel Kant, follow these links: